Bulan: September 2010

MEMBENDUNG BANJIR FATWA

MEMBENDUNG BANJIR FATWA

Oleh: Jum’an

Oman dan Lia yang keduanya saya kenal, adalah saudara sesusuan –milk sibling. Waktu kecil Oman disusui oleh ibu Lia karena ibunya sendiri meninggal sesudah melahirkan. Dalam hukum Islam, Oman, Lia dan ibunya menjadi muhrim: tidak membatalkan wudu, istilah orang dikampung saya. Mereka bebas bergaul seperti keluarga dan haram saling menikahi. Menyusui bayi orang lain bukanlah hal yang aneh. Rasululloh s.a.w. dimasa kecilnya pernah disusui oleh Halimah Sa’diyah. Oleh karena itu beliau menjadi muhrim, baik dengan Halimah maupun dengan anak perempuannya Syaima. Seorang laki-laki menjadi muhrim bagi perempuan yang menyusuinya meskipun perempuan itu bukan keluarganya. Selama ini saya memahami fenomena itu dengan wajar saja, sampai ketika ada ulama terkemuka dari Arab Saudi mengeluarkan sebuah fatwa yang menghebohkan sehubungan dengan masalah persusuan itu.

Syaikh Abdul Muhsin Al Obaikan, penasihat istana dan konsultan Kementerian Kehakiman Arab Saudi belum lama ini mengeluarka fatwa, bahwa wanita yang sehari-hari sering berada bersama dengan kaum pria yang bukan keluarganya –dalam pekerjaan misalnya- agar menyusui mereka supaya menjadi muhrim dan dapat bergaul dengan bebas tanpa melanggar aturan agama. Tentu saja susu itu diminum dari gelas bukan secara langsung, kata Syaikh Obeikan. Tapi menurut Abu Ishak Al Huwaini ahli hadis dan ulama Wahabi terkenal, cara meminumnya harus dihisap langsung dari puting susu perempuan itu, barulah sah sipenyusu menjadi muhrimnya.

Fatwa yang mendapatkan publikasi internasional itu menyulut kemarahan wanita Saudi khususnya, ejekan serta kecaman dari dunia luar. Menyusui orang laki-laki berjenggot? Hiih. Menjijikkan bukan? Tidak lama sesudah keluarnya fatwa itu, seorang sopir bis sekolah minta menyusu kepada seorang guru wanita yang sehari-hari mengantar murid-murid dalam bisnya, yang langsung dijawab dengan bentakan dan dampratan. Ejekan dari dunia luar tidak kalah sinis: Islam semakin aneh, Islam tidak bermoral. Sebuah fatwa yang sungguh-sungguh kontroversial.

Muhammad Diyab, wartawan senior Arab menulis dalam harian Syarqil Awsat 16 Agustus lalu, bahwa saat ini telah terjadi banjir fatwa. Fatwa yang dikeluarkan di era sekarang mungkin melampaui jumlah fatwa sepanjang sejarah Islam. Semua jenis inovasi zaman modern menjadi obyek fatwa. Untunglah, kata Dyab, Raja Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz segera mengeluarkan sebuah dekrit kerajaan yang telah membatasi dengan ketat mereka yang diizinkan untuk mengeluarkan fatwa di Arab Saudi, terbatas kepada cendekiawan muslim dan ulama senior yang bermutu dan diakui. Pelanggar dekrit ini akan dikenakan sanksi dan hukuman yang berat demi kepentingan Agama dan Negara. Beliau mengatakan: “Kami akan menindak-lanjuti dekrit ini tanpa konsesi”. Kalimat yang jelas, tegas dan bertanggung jawab yang tidak bisa ditawar-tawar maupun disalah fahami. Moga-moga terbendung banjir fatwa yang kadang-kadang mempermalukan umat Islam

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KERJA SAMPAI TUA – APA BOLEH BUAT

KERJA SAMPAI TUA – APA BOLEH BUAT

Oleh: Jum’an

Ketika Bambang selesai kuliah dan baru mulai bekerja, pamannya sudah duduk sebagai pimpinan salah satu unit Perusahaan Negara di Jawa. Kedudukan yang potensial untuk membuat orang menjadi kaya waktu itu. Memang benar, pada saat pensiun dia sudah memiliki beberapa rumah di Cempaka Putih dan Bintaro serta tanah luas dekat danau Situgintung. Entah karena kebiasaan hidup mewah yang tak bisa berubah atau karena kebutuhan keluarga yang memang besar, hanya dalam waktu beberapa tahun semua harta itu habis dijual satu persatu. Bambang meneteskan air mata ketika teringat saat pamannya meminjam uang beberapa ratus ribu rupiah kepadanya untuk membeli ticket pesawat. Sekarang Bambang sendiri sudah berusia 57 tahun, sedang duduk bersama dengan saya. Rasanya seperti berada didepan cermin kusam almarhum pamannya.

Pensiunan diatas mungkin bukan contoh yang umum tetapi menghadapi masa pensiun zaman sekarang memang mencemaskan. Penyebabnya karena kebanyakan kita tidak pernah dengan sungguh-sungguh mempersiapkan diri. Tabungan kita rata-rata tidak cukup banyak. Kalau beberapa buah rumah dan tanah dapat habis dalam waktu tidak terlalu lama, berapa tabungan yang cukup untuk melanjutkan hidup 20 atau 30 tahun lagi? Dulu memang pernah ada zaman dimana pensiun berarti kenikmatan hidup, santai dan bebas stress. Menimang cucu dan jalan-jalan sore hari. Pensiun enak, seperti tidur siang , akan menjadi milik masa lampau.

Bukan kita saja yang cemas menghadapi pensiun tetapi juga pekerja diberbagai negara lain termasuk negara maju seperti Inggris dan Amerika. Menurut penelitian terkini dari Barings Assets Management Inggris, 10% orang disana berpendapat bahwa mereka akan terpaksa bekerja sampai mati, padahal dua tahun yang lalu hanya 1% yang berfikir begitu. Artinya 2 tahun terakhir ini jumlah orang Inggris yang ketakutan menghadapi pensiun telah naik 10 kali lipat. Penelitian Employee Benefit Research Institute dan CareerBuilder.com menunjukkan bahwa 61% angkatan kerja Amerika menyatakan gaji mereka hanya pas untuk hidup sebulan, padahal pada 2007 yang lalu angka itu hanya 43%. Mereka rata-rata hanya punya simpanan dibawah 10,000 dolar.

Bekerja sampai tua? Apa boleh buat. Untuk sementara buatlah rencana diam-diam. Sebab kalau terang-terangan akan dituduh merebut porsi lapangan kerja orang muda. Coba dengarkan kisah Pak Durohim teman saya. Ia pensiunan Pertamina dan karena masih gagah, bergabung bersama saya dan Bambang. Setelah beberapa tahun ia masih sempat pindah ke perusahaan lain. Pada tahun 2004 ketika bertugas di Kalimantan, datanglah saat baginya. Ia turun dari tangga anjungan pengeboran, lalu karena terasa lelah berhenti duduk sejenak untuk memulihkan tenaga. Ternyata ia dipanggil Tuhan sewaktu duduk itu dan tidak bangun lagi.

Kalau begitu kita harus bekerja sampai tua, atau mati waktu bekerja seperti almarhum Durohim? Entahlah.

SERATUS YANG TERBAIK

SERATUS YANG TERBAIK

By Abu Eesa Niamatullah (muslimmatters.org 14 Juli 2010)

Sayyidina Muhammad (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) told us:

1. “The best of the Muslims is he from whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe.” (Muslim)

2. “The best of people are those with the most excellent character.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

3. “The best of people are those that bring most benefit to the rest of mankind.” (Dāraqutni, Hasan)

4. “The best of people are those who are best in fulfilling (rights).” (Ibn Mājah, Sahīh)

5. “The best of people during fitnah is a man who takes up the reins of his horse pursuing the enemies of Allāh, causing them fear yet they make him fearful too, or a man who secludes himself in the desert fulfilling the rights of Allāh upon him.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

6. “The best of mankind is my generation, then those that follow them and then those that follow them. Then there shall come a people after them who will become avaricious, who will love gluttony, and who will give witness before they are asked for it.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

7. “The best of people are those who live longest and excel in their deeds, whereas the worst of people are those who live longest and corrupt their deeds.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

8. “The best of women are those that please him (her husband) when he sees her, obeys him when she is commanded, and who does not secretly betray him with regards to herself and her money in that which he dislikes.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

9. “The best of women are those that please you when you see them, obey you when commanded, and who safeguard themselves and your money in your absence.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

10. “The best of marriages are the easiest ones.” (Abu Dāwūd, Sahīh)

11. “The best of your dates is the Borniyyū date; it expels disease yet does not contain any disease itself.” (Hākim, Hasan)

12. “The best of your garments are those which are white; shroud your dead in them and clothe your living with them. The best of that which you apply to your eyelids is antimony causing the eyelashes to grow and sharpening the eyesight.” (Ibn Hibbān, Sahīh)

13. “The best quality of your religion is scrupulousness.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

14. “The best of your religion is that which is easiest.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

15. “The best of the prayer lines for men are the first rows, the worst being the final rows. The best of the prayer lines for women are the final rows and the worst are the first rows.” (Muslim)

16. “The best prayers for women are those performed in the most secluded parts of their houses.” (Ibn Khuzaymah, Sahīh)

17. “The best of you in Islām are those who are most excellent in character as long as you deeply understand the religion.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

18. “The best of you are the best of you in fulfilling (rights).” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

19. “The best of you are those who are best to their families, and I am the best of you to my family.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

20. “The best of you are my generation, then those that follow them and then those that follow them. Then there shall come after them a people who will betray and be untrustworthy, will give witness even though they have not been asked to, will make vows yet will not fulfil them and obesity will appear amongst them.” (Bukhāri)

21. “The best of you are those who feed others and return greetings.” (Abu Ya‛lā, Hasan)

22. “The best of you is he from whom good is anticipated and safety from his evil is assured; the worst of you is he from whom nothing good is expected and one is not safe from his evil.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

23. “The best thing mankind has been given is excellent character.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

24. “The best of that which you treat yourself with is cupping.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

25. “The best of journeys undertaken are to this Mosque of mine and the Ancient House.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

26. “The best of which man can leave behind for himself are three: a righteous child who supplicates for him, an ongoing charity whose reward continues to reach him and knowledge which others benefit from after him.” (Ibn Hibbān, Hasan)

27. “The best Mosques for women are the most secluded parts of their houses.” (Bayhaqi, Sahīh)

28. “The best of the world’s women are four: Maryum bint ‛Imrān, Khadījah bint Khuwaylid, Fātimah bint Muhammad and Āsiyah the wife of Fir‛awn.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

29. “The best of days that you should perform cupping are the 17th, 19th and 21st of the month. I did not pass a single gathering of angels on the night of Isrā’ except that they would say to me, ‘O Muhammad, perform cupping!’” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

30. “The best day on which the Sun has risen is Friday; on it Ādam was created, on it Ādam was made to enter Paradise and on it he was expelled. The Hour will not be established except on Friday.” (Muslim)

31. “Verily, the best of perfume for men is that which is strong in smell and light in colour, and the best of perfume for women is that which is strong in colour and light in smell.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

32. “The most beloved of religions according to Allāh the Most High is the ‘easy and flexible religion.’” (Ahmad, Hasan)

33. “The most beloved of deeds according to Allāh are the continuous ones, even if they are little.” (Agreed upon)

34. “The most beloved of names according to Allāh are ‘Abd Allah, ‘Abd’l-Rahmān and Hārith.” (Abu Ya‛lā, Sahīh)

35. “The most bel
oved of deeds according to Allāh are the prayer in its right time, then to treat the parents in an excellent manner, and then Jihād in the path of Allāh.
” (Agreed upon)

36. “The most beloved of deeds according to Allāh is that you die and yet your tongue is still moist from the remembrance of Allāh.” (Ibn Hibbān, Hasan)

37. “The most beloved words according to Allah the Most High are four: Subhānallāh, Alhamdulillāh, Lā ilāha illallāh and Allāhu Akbar; there is no problem with which one you start with.” (Muslim)

38. “The most beloved of speech according to Allāh is when the servant says, ‘Subhānallāhi wa bihamdihī’ (How Transcendent is Allāh and we praise him!).” (Muslim)

39. “The most beloved of speech according to Allāh the Most High is that which Allāh chose for his Angels: Subhāna Rabbī wa bihamdihī, Subhāna Rabbī wa bihamdihī, Subhāna Rabbī wa bihamdihī.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

40. “The most beloved of people according to Allāh is he who brings most benefit, and the most beloved of deeds according to Allāh the Mighty, the Magnificent, is that you bring happiness to a fellow Muslim, or relieve him of distress, or pay off his debt or stave away hunger from him. It is more beloved to me that I walk with my brother Muslim in his time of need than I stay secluded in the mosque for a month. Whoever holds back his anger, Allāh will cover his faults and whoever suppresses his fury while being able to execute it, Allāh will fill his heart with satisfaction on the Day of Standing. Whoever walks with his brother Muslim in need until he establishes that for him, Allāh will establish his feet firmly on the day when all feet shall slip. Indeed, bad character ruins deeds just as vinegar ruins honey.” (Tabarāni, Hasan)

41. “The most beloved of people to me is ‛Ā’ishah and from the men, Abu Bakr.” (Agreed upon)

42. “The best of people in recitation are those who when they recite, you see that they fear Allāh.” (Bayhaqi, Sahīh)

43. “The best of your leaders are those that you love and they love you, you supplicate for them and they supplicate for you. The worst of your leaders are those that you hate and they hate you, you curse them and they curse you.” (Muslim)

44. “The best of you are those who are best in paying off their debts.” (Tahāwi, Sahīh)

45. “The best of you are those with the longest lives and most excellent character.” (Bazzār, Sahīh)

46. “The best of you are those with the longest lives and best in action.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

47. “The best of you are those with the softest shoulders during prayer.” (Bayhaqi, Hasan)

48. “The best of you are those who are best to their wives.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

49. “The best of you are those who are best to their families.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

50. “The best of you during the ‘Period of Ignorance’ are the best of you in Islām as long as they deeply understand the religion.” (Bukhāri)

51. “The best of you are those who learn the Qur’ān and teach it.” (Dārimi, Sahīh)

52. “The best of companions according to Allāh are those who are best to their companion and the best of neighbours according to Allāh are those that are best to their neighbour.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

53. “The best of places are the Mosques and the worst of places are the markets.” (Tabarāni, Hasan)

54. “The best supplication on the Day of ‛Arafah and the best thing that I and the Prophets before me ever said was, ‘Lā ilāha illallāh wahdahū lā sharīka lahū, lahū’l-mulk wa lahū’l-hamd wa huwa ‛alā kulli shay’in Qadīr.’” (Tirmidhi, Hasan)

55. “The best of provision is that which suffices.” (Ahmad in ‘Zuhd’, Hasan)

56. “The best testimony is when one gives it before he is asked to do so.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

57. “The best of dowries are the easiest.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

58. “The best of charity is that which still leaves you self-sufficient for the upper hand is better than the lower hand; start with those you are responsible for.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

59. “The best of gatherings are those that are most open.” (Abu Dāwūd, Sahīh)

60. “The most beloved deed according to Allāh is to have faith in Allāh, then to maintain the ties of kinship, and then to command to good and forbid the wrong. The most abhorrent of deeds according to Allāh is to associate partners with Him, then to cut the ties of kinship.” (Abu Ya’lā, Hasan)

61. “The most beloved Jihād according to Allāh is that a word of truth be spoken to a tyrant ruler.” (Tabarāni, Hasan)

62. “The most beloved word according to me is that which is most truthful.” (Bukhāri)

63. “The most beloved fast according to Allāh is the fast of Dāwūd; he would fast every alternate day. The most beloved prayer according to Allāh is the prayer of Dāwūd; he would sleep half the night, stand a third and then sleep for a sixth.” (Agreed upon)

64. “The most beloved dish according to Allāh is that which most hands feed from.” (Ibn Hibbān, Hasan)

65. “The most beloved servant of Allāh is he who is most beneficial to his dependents.” (Zawā’id al-Zuhd, Hasan)

66. “The best of earnings is that of the labourer as long as he tries his best.” (Ahmad, Hasan)

67. “The best of all deeds is to have faith in Allāh alone, then Jihād and then an accepted Hajj; they surpass all other deeds like the distance between the rising and setting of the Sun.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

68. “The best of all deeds is the Prayer at its earliest time.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

69. “The best of all deeds is the Prayer in its right time, to treat the Parents honourably and Jihād in the path of Allāh.” (al-Khatīb, Sahīh)

70. “The best of all deeds is that you bring happiness to your Muslim brother, pay off his debt or feed him bread.” (Ibn Adiyy, Hasan)

71. “The best of faith is patience and magnanimity.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

72. “The best of days according to Allāh is Friday.” (Bayhaqi, Sahīh)

73. “The best of Jihād is that man strives against his soul and desires.” (Daylami, Sahīh)

74. “The best Hajj is that with the most raised voices and flowing blood.” (Tirmidhi, Hasan)

75. “The best of supplications is that of on the Day of ‘Arafah, and the best thing that was said by myself and the Prophets before me was, “Lā ilāha illallāh wahdahū lā sharīka lahū.” (There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah alone, He has no partners.) (Mālik, Hasan)

76. “The best of dinars are: the dinār spent by a man upon his dependents, the dinār spent by a man upon his horse in the path of Allāh and the dinār spent by a man upon his companions in the path of Allah, the Mighty, the Magnificent.” (Muslim)

77. “The best word of remembrance is: Lā ilāha illallāh and the best supplication is: Al-hamdu lillāh.” (Tirmidhi, Hasan)

78. “The best word of remembrance is: Lā ilāha illallāh and the best (expression of giving) thanks is: Al-hamdu lillāh.” (Baghawi, Hasan)

79. “The best of hours are those deep in the latter part of the night.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

80. “The best of all martyrs are those who fight in the front line; they do not turn their faces away until they are killed. They will be rolling around in the highest rooms of Paradise, their Lord laughing at them – when your Lord laughs at a servant, there is no accounting for him.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

81. “The best of all martyrs is he whose blood is shed and whose horse is slaughtered.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

82. “The best of all charity is the shade of a canopy (provided) in the path of Allāh, the Mighty and Magnificent, to gift ones servant in the path of Allāh and to gift ones she-camel in the path of Allāh.” (Ahmad, Hasan)

83. “The best of all charity is that which is given to the relative that harbours enmity against you.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

84. “The best of all charity is that you give it while you are healthy and desirous (of that money), hoping to become wealthy but fearing poverty. Don’t delay until you are about to breathe your last and then you say, ‘This is for ‘so and so’ and this is for ‘so and so’’, for indeed, it has already been written that ‘so and so’ would receive that.” (Abu Dāwūd, Sahīh)

85. “The best of all charity is when the one with little strives to give; start with those you are responsible for.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

86. “The best charity is to provide water.” (Ibn Mājah, Hasan)

87. “The best prayer after the obligatory ones is the prayer in the depth of the night, and the best fast after the month of Ramadhān is the month of Allah, Muharram.” (Muslim)

88. “The best prayer is the prayer of the man in his home except for the obligatory prayer.” (Nasā’ī, Sahīh)

89. “The best prayer is that with the longest standing.” (Muslim)

90. “The best of all prayers according to Allāh is the Friday morning prayer in congregation.” (Ibn Nu‘aym, Sahīh)

91. “The best fast is the fast of my brother Dāwūd; he would fast every alternate day and he would never flee (the battlefront) when the armies would meet.” (Tirmidhi, Sahīh)

92. “The best of all fasts after Ramadhān is in the month that you call Muharram.” (Nasā’ī, Sahīh)

93. “The best of all worship is supplication.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

94. “The best deed is the prayer in its right time and Jihād in the path of Allāh.” (Bayhaqi, Sahīh)

95. “The best of the Qur’ān is: “Al-hamdu lillāhi Rabb’l-‘Ālamīn.” (Hākim, Sahīh)

96. “The best of earnings is a blessed sale and that which a man earns with his hands.” (Ahmad, Sahīh)

97. “The best of the Believers is the most excellent of them in character.” (Ibn Mājah, Sahīh)

98. “The best of the Believers with respect to Islām is the one from whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe; and the best of the Believers with respect to Īmān are the most excellent of them in character; and the best of those who migrate is he who migrates from that which Allāh the Most High has prohibited; and the best of Jihād is when one strives against his soul for the sake of Allāh, the Mighty, the Magnificent.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

99. “The best of mankind is the believer between two honourable persons.” (Tabarāni, Sahīh)

100. “The best of all days in the world are the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah).” (Bazzār, Sahīh)

MENUNGGU INSPIRASI

MENUNGGU INSPIRASI

Oleh: Jum’an

Seingat saya ilmu ukur sudut atau goneometri bukanlah pelajaran yang terlalu sukar di SMA dulu. Rumus-rumus sinus cosinus, tangen cotangen dan secan cosecan mudah diingat bahkan sebagian sampai sekarang. Tetapi saya kecewa ketika pertama kali menghadapi ulangan. Tidak satupun dari rumus-rumus itu yang dapat digunakan untuk memecahkan soal. Sudah berkonsentrasi dan memeras otak tetapi tetap tidak menemukan celah untuk masuk menggunakan rumus itu. Saya gagal menggunakan rumus itu dihadapan guru goneo saya. Seperti pedang yang tumpul belaka. Saya lalu berlatih mengerjakan soal-soal, berulang-ulang sampai mahir dan menemukan rahasia aib yang memalukan itu.

Ternyata harus diciptakan sasaran antara terlebih dulu dengan membuat sebuah permisalan, melakukan operasi pada ruas kiri dan ruas kanan, membagi atau mengalikan dengan bilangan yang sama dan sebagainya. Ditengah langkah-langkah sulit itulah terbuka peluang untuk menggunakan formula itu dengan tepat. Seperti pori-pori kulit yang terbuka dtengah kita sedang berolah raga, memberi jalan keringat keluar dan menyehatkan badan. Rumus kwadrat sinus dan cosinus itu ibarat daging mentah, harus dicuci dulu, dipotong-potong, dibumbui dan dimasak, bersamaan dengan itu keluarlah aroma, rasa dan gizinya. Saat sulit-sulitnya kita berjuang menyelesaikan pekerjaan selalu muncul peluang kemudahan. Kemudahan itu datang pada saat kita bersusah-payah. Seperti dua hal yang selalu datang secara bersamaan.

Menurut seorang penulis yang yang sudah menerbitkan lebih dari 30 judul buku, ia memperoleh inspirasi waktu giat menulis. Kalau ia menunggu inspirasi untuk mulai menulis, pasti dia tidak akan menjadi penulis. Inspirasi adalah kemudahan, tetapi entah kapan datangnya. Ia memutuskan untuk bekerja dan menunggu inspirasi muncul ditengah pekerjaannya. Pekerjaan kreatif seperti menulis, mencipta lagu, melukis atau merancang sesuatu memang aneh. Kita tidak selalu dapat memperoleh inspirasi dan kita tidak dapat mengendalikan inspirasi. ”Tetapi yang saya alami, kalau saya sedang giat menulis, seninya menjadi lebih mudah. Dan ini memicu kreatifitas dan datangnya ide-ide baru” begitu kata penulis tadi.

Thomas Alva Edison, penemu listrik dan 1200 paten lainnya mengatakan bahwa semua dicapainya dengan satu persen inspirasi dan 99 persen keringat. Jangan menunggu inspirasi. Menunggu inspirasi sama dengan menunggu Godot. Ulangi, perbaiki, rubah, pakai bahan dan cara lain, coba dan coba lagi. Inspirasi akan mengintip dan mendekati kita saat kita bergelut dengan kesulitan.

”Maka sesungguhnya beserta kesulitan itu ada kemudahan. Sungguh bersama kesulitan ada kemudahan”! Anda tahu dari mana kedua kalimat kembar itu berasal. Ya. Ayat 5 da 6 surat Alamnasyroh, begitu anak-anak menamainya.

INTERNET MELEMAHKAN TAFAKUR

INTERNET MELEMAHKAN TAFAKUR

Oleh: Jum’an

Kadang-kadang saya merasa seperti malaikat yang bisa terbang dengan cepat seperti kilat. Menukik kesudut-sudut bumi dan dalam sekejap sudah mengetahui keadaan dunia. Saya membaca Newyork Times dan Fox News di Amerika, lalu Republika dan Timika Pos di Jakarta dan Papua, Gulf News dan Aljazeera di Timur Tengah, Shanghay Daily dan Beijing News di China. Kalau saya teruskan bertandang ke rumah teman-teman di facebook lalu mampir ke youtube atau multiply pasti saya baru bisa mulai bekerja jam 11 siang. Sejam kemudian kita istirahat makan siang, praktis hanya bekerja setengah hari. Internet memang luar biasa. Semua ada semua dekat dan cepat. Yang kita sukai maupun yang tidak. Dapat mengakses informasi dari sumber yang begitu melimpah sangat memperluas wawasan dan meningkatkan pemikiran.

Menurut Samuel Johnson sastrawan Inggris abad 18, pengetahuan itu ada dua jenis yaitu pertama kita sendiri mengetahui tentang suatu masalah, yang kedua kita tahu dimana mencari informasi tentang masalah itu. Mungkin anda tahu caranya membuat bolu kukus karena anda juru masak ditoko kueh, tetapi saya dapat memperoleh resep bolu kukus, dari situs kotakresep.com/bolu-kukus/, misalnya. Jadi kalau saya mau mebuatnya juga bisa, termasuk bolu gulung dan bolu pandan yang anda belum tentu tahu. Marissa Mayer, Vice President Google sekaligus dosen computer programming di universitas Stanford California bahkan berani mengatakan bahwa lebih baik memiliki akses terhadap pengetahuan daripada memiliki pengetahuan itu sendiri. Yang penting bukan apa yang anda tahu, katanya, tetapi apa yang anda bisa temukan. Kalau kalimat ini kurang enak ditelinga anda, harap diketahui bahwa begitulah etika Google yang hidupnya dari jualan search engine atau mesin pencari.

Masya Alloh internet, apa saja ada dan instan. Media informasi yang bermanfaat. Tetapi kata ahli teori media McLuhan, media bukanlah sekedar saluran informasi yang pasif. Sambil memberikan informasi sebagai bahan pemikiran, mereka juga membentuk proses berfikir kita. Nicholas Carr pengamat teknologi dan budaya dalam blognya Is Googe Making Us Stupid? menjelaskan bagaimana internet mempengaruhi dirinya. Katanya internet telah mengikis kemampuannya untuk berkonsentrasi, berfikir dan merenung. Otaknya cenderung menyesuaikan diri menerima informasi dengan cepat, secepat internet memberikan kepadanya. Dulu membaca buku ibarat menyelam dalam lautan kata-kata, sekarang dengan internet orang seperti berselancar diatas permukaan saja.

Saya ingin tahu kandungan gizi dalam beras. Maka saya ketik beras. Google menemukan 13 juta kata beras dalam waktu seper enam detik. Waktu saya klik yang pertama, dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, disamping uraian tentang gizi beras, ada 60 hyperlink yang tampak menunggu untuk di-klik, 10 diantaranya daftar negara produsen beras. Waktu saya klik Jepang, disamping produksi beras pertahun, banyak lagi hyperlink yang menunggu. Diantaranya tentang pariwisata di Jepang yang berujung pada travel guide. Menurut Nicolas Carr, pola demikian memang merupakan bagian terencana dari program search engine Google. Kita memang perlu bersikap. Tergantung kita.